Lucien Boucher studied at the ceramics school, Sèvres, and made his debut at the Salon d'Automne in 1921.
As a graphic designer, he created numerous posters for film and advertising inspired by the Surrealist movement.
From 1935 to 1962, he designed an impressive series of posters for Air France. In the '30s and '40s most of the airline posters advertised one particular route but Lucien Boucher, best known as "Monsieur Planisphere", created a new genre with a variety of illustrated World Maps showing all the flight routes serviced by the Air France. On these, the continents and countries were artistically represented by famous monuments or typical scenes in charming vignettes.
These planispheres were aimed at illustrating the global position of the airline at a time when competition in air travel ventures was increasing dramatically.